An information on atherosclerosis its risks and prevention
Coronary Arteries The coronary arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to your heart. The test can show hardening and narrowing of large arteries. As the disease gets worse it can cause tiredness, changes in how you urinate more often or less often , loss of appetite, nausea feeling sick to the stomach , swelling in the hands or feet, itchiness or numbness, and trouble concentrating. Insulin resistance. Surgery: Severe cases of atherosclerosis may be treated by surgical procedures, such as angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting CABG. Depending on which arteries are affected, blood clots can worsen angina chest pain or cause a heart attack or stroke. Other risk factors can't be controlled. Arrhythmias are problems with the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat.
For example: If you have atherosclerosis in your heart arteries, you may have symptoms, such as chest pain or pressure angina. Those who are at risk of developing atherosclerosis will likely be told by their doctor to change their lifestyle and maintain a healthy weight.
Types of arteriosclerosis
If you're very depressed, your doctor may recommend medicines or other treatments that can improve your quality of life. This test can show whether plaque is blocking your arteries and how severe the blockage is. Major Risk Factors Unhealthy blood cholesterol levels. The goals of treatment include: Lowering the risk of blood clots forming Preventing atherosclerosis-related diseases Reducing risk factors in an effort to slow or stop the buildup of plaque Relieving symptoms Widening or bypassing plaque-clogged arteries Heart-Healthy Lifestyle Changes Your doctor may recommend heart-healthy lifestyle changes if you have atherosclerosis. Formation of these plaques starts with the deposition of small cholesterol crystals in the intima and its underlying smooth muscle. Furthermore, the role of antioxidants and medicinal herbs in atherosclerosis and endothelial damage has been discussed and a list of important medicinal plants effective in the treatment and prevention of hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis is presented. Emotional Issues and Support Having an atherosclerosis-related disease may cause fear, anxiety, depression, and stress. High blood pressure. Echo also can identify areas of poor blood flow to the heart, areas of heart muscle that aren't contracting normally, and previous injury to the heart muscle caused by poor blood flow.
This is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating blood vessel problems. You can control most of the above risk factors. Physical Exam During the physical exam, your doctor may listen to your arteries for an abnormal whooshing sound called a bruit broo-E.
Because atherosclerosis tends to run in families, your lifestyle changes may help many of your family members too. Are you living with HIV and ischemic heart disease? You usually won't have atherosclerosis symptoms until an artery is so narrowed or clogged that it can't supply adequate blood to your organs and tissues.
Angioplasty involves expanding the artery and opening the blockage so that the blood can flow through properly again. Be sure to let your doctor know if you have new or worsening symptoms.
Connective tissue production by fibroblasts and deposition of calcium in the lesion cause sclerosis or hardening of the arteries. This is a doctor who specializes in diagnosing and treating nervous system disorders.
The healthy blood vessel redirects blood around the blocked artery, improving blood flow to the leg. Conclusions: The pathogenesis factors involved in atherosclerosis have recently been cleared and the discovery of these factors has brought about new hopes for better prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis.
Diagnostic Tests Your doctor may recommend one or more tests to diagnose atherosclerosis. Treatment - Atherosclerosis Treatments for atherosclerosis may include heart-healthy lifestyle changes , medicines, and medical procedures or surgery. More Information. High levels of CRP are a sign of inflammation in the body. Treatment options The range of treatments for atherosclerosis include: Lifestyle changes: These focus on weight management, physical activity, and a healthy diet. Print Overview Arteriosclerosis occurs when the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from your heart to the rest of your body arteries become thick and stiff — sometimes restricting blood flow to your organs and tissues. Heavy drinking can damage the heart muscle and worsen other risk factors for atherosclerosis. Early diagnosis and treatment can stop atherosclerosis from worsening and prevent a heart attack, stroke or another medical emergency. Sometimes a blood clot completely blocks blood flow, or even breaks apart and can trigger a heart attack or stroke. A thin, flexible tube called a catheter is put into a blood vessel in your arm, groin upper thigh , or neck. Smoking can damage and tighten blood vessels and raise your risk for atherosclerosis. This test can show whether plaque is blocking your arteries and how severe the blockage is. Adopt heart-healthy eating habits, which include eating different fruits and vegetables including beans and peas , whole grains, lean meats, poultry without skin, seafood, and fat-free or low-fat milk and dairy products. Genetic or lifestyle factors cause plaque to build up in your arteries as you age.
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