We have shown this now, this kind of improvement, with thousands and thousands of kids, especially struggling students. And in study after study, they have run from difficulty. With practice, neural networks grow new connections, strengthen existing ones, and build insulation that speeds transmission of impulses.
As the students grunt, perspire and toil, she watches their strategies. People with fixed-mindset say if this is the right relationship and if we are compatible, there must be no need for hustle and hard work to get it to work. In one world, failure is about having a setback.
They run from the error. Students who were taught malleable intelligence had a clear increase in math grades.
Dweck cites a poll of creativity researchers, who concurred that the number-one trait underpinning creative achievement is precisely the kind of resilience and fail-forward perseverance attributed to the growth mindset.
Dweck coined the terms fixed mindset and growth mindset to describe the underlying beliefs people have about learning and intelligence. Every situation is evaluated: Will I succeed or fail?