Ninety five theses translation

Martin luther reformation

For, by the exercise of charity, charity increases and man grows better, while by means of indulgence, he does not become better, but only freer from punishment. This unbridled preaching of pardons makes it no easy matter, even for learned men, to rescue the reverence due to the pope from slander, or even from the shrewd questionings of the laity. Indulgences trivialise this issue. The pope would do better to give everything away without charge. Between and , Luther studied at the University of Erfurt and at a university in Wittenberg. Selling indulgences to finance the building of St. The pope can only remove those penalties which he himself has imposed on earth, for Christ did not say, 'Whatsoever I have bound in heaven you may loose on earth. They are enemies of Christ and of the pope, who bid the Word of God be altogether silent in some Churches, in order that pardons may be preached in others. The penitential canons are imposed only on the living, and, according to them, nothing should be imposed on the dying.

Injury is done to the Word of God when, in the same sermon, an equal or larger amount of time is devoted to indulgences than to the Word. Apostolic pardons are to be preached with caution, lest the people may falsely think them preferable to other good works of love.

Christians should be taught not to rely on an indulgence. Christians should be exhorted to endeavor to follow Christ their Head through Cross, Death, and Hell, Christians are to be taught that the pope does not intend the buying of pardons to be compared in any way to works of mercy.

However, the Holy Spirit will make exceptions to this when required to do so.

luthers first thesis

And thus be confident of entering into heaven rather through many tribulations, than through the assurance of peace. There is no proof that a person is free from sin.

95 theses document

The Pope acts most rightly in granting remission to souls, not by the power of the keys - which in Purgatory he does not possess - but by way of intercession. It is clear that the power of the church is adequate, by itself, for the forgiveness of sins. If the pope had worked as he should and by example all the problems stated above would not have existed. The pope does well when he grants remission to souls [in purgatory], not by the power of the keys which he does not possess , but by way of intercession. Non tamen solam intendit interiorem, immo interior nulla est, nisi foris operetur varias carnis mortificationes. True repentance and contrition seek and love punishment; while rich indulgence absolves from it, and causes men to hate it, or at least gives them occasion to do so. Indulgence-selling had been banned in Germany, but the practice continued unabated. Every truly repentant Christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon. Elizabeth Eisenstein has argued that his claimed surprise at their success may have involved self-deception and Hans Hillerbrand has claimed that Luther was certainly intending to instigate a large controversy. The History Learning Site, 17 Mar In the Name our Lord Jesus Christ. It is vain to rely on an indulgence to forgive your sins. Not at any time did they imply that divine forgiveness could be bought or sold or that they availed for those who were impenitent or unconfessed. Every Christian who feels sincere repentance and woe on account of his sins, has perfect remission of pain and guilt even without letters of indulgence.

Cur Canones penitentiales re ipsa et non usu iam diu in semet abrogati et mortui adhuc tamen pecuniis redimuntur per concessionem indulgentiarum tanquam vivacissimi?

Peter if he were now pope, could not grant greater graces is blasphemy against St.


We say, on the contrary, that the papal pardons are not able to remove the very least of venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned.

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Martin Luther’s 95 Theses in Latin and English